umbilical cord clamp found here
ok I know most of my male readers won’t want to know about cesareans and forceps deliveries but this is really interesting.
The invention of forceps was kept secret for more than a century. Developed in the 17th century by Peter Chamberlen, he and his family soon realised its value as a life saving instrument.
Whenever they were called in to help a mother in obstructed labour they ushered everyone else out and covered the mother’s lower half so even she couldn’t see what was going on. Three generations on, Hugh Chamberlen divulged the secret to Dutch surgeon Roger van Roonhuysen who kept the technique within his own family for sixty years.
(This lovely “corset knife” is not a medical instrument – unless David Cronenberg gets his hands on it)
Once revealed, the forceps quickly gained wide acceptance. When Princess Charlotte’s delivery failed in 1817, her obstetrician was reviled for failing to use them and subsequently shot himself.
The first recorded successful cesarean in the British Empire was conducted by a woman. Sometime between 1815 and 1821, James Miranda Stuart Barry performed the operation while masquerading as a man and serving as a physician to the British army in South Africa.
While Barry applied Western surgical techniques, nineteenth-century travelers in Africa reported instances of indigenous people successfully carrying out the procedure with their own medical practices. In 1879, for example, one British traveller, R.W. Felkin, witnessed cesarean section performed by Ugandans. The healer used banana wine to semi-intoxicate the woman and to cleanse his hands and her abdomen prior to surgery. He used a midline incision and applied cautery to minimize hemorrhaging. He massaged the uterus to make it contract but did not suture it; the abdominal wound was pinned with iron needles and dressed with a paste prepared from roots. The patient recovered well.