Charles Waterton (1782 – 1865) was an English naturalist and explorer.
image found here
He was educated at Stonyhurst College where his interest in exploration and wildlife were already evident. Whilst at the school, he records in his autobiography that “by a mutual understanding, I was considered rat-catcher to the establishment, and also fox-taker, foumart-killer, and cross-bow charger at the time when the young rooks were fledged. . . I followed up my calling with great success. The vermin disappeared by the dozen; the books were moderately well thumbed; and according to my notion of things, all went on perfectly right.
foumarts found here
In 1804 he travelled to British Guiana to take charge of his uncle’s estates near Georgetown. In 1812, he started to explore the hinterland of Guiana, making four journeys between then and 1824, and reaching Brazil on foot — barefoot — in the rainy season. He was a highly skilled taxidermist and preserved many of the animals he encountered on his expeditions. However, he employed a unique method of taxidermy, soaking the specimens in what he called “sublimate of mercury.” Unlike many preserved (“stuffed”) animals, his specimens are hollow — and are surprisingly lifelike, even today. He also displayed his anarchic sense of humour in some of his taxidermy: a famous tableau he created (now lost) consisted of reptiles dressed as famous Englishmen and entitled “The English Reformation Zoologically Demonstrated.” Another specimen was the upper half of a howler monkey contorted to look like an Amazonian Abominable Snowman and simply labelled “The Nondescript.”
Nondescript found here
Whilst in Guiana he taught one of his uncle’s slaves, John Edmonstone, his skills. Edmonstone, by then freed and practising taxidermy in Edinburgh, in turn taught the teenage Charles Darwin. Waterton is credited with bringing the anaesthetic agent curare to Europe.
Indian preparing curare found here
In the 1820s he returned to Walton Hall and built a nine-foot-high wall around three miles of his estate, turning it into the world’s first wildfowl and nature reserve, making him one of the western world’s first environmentalists. He also invented the bird nesting box.
A range of colourful stories have been handed down about Charles Waterton, not all of which are verifiable, but which add up to a popular portrait of an archetypal aristocratic eccentric:
Waterton had his hair cut in a crew cut at a time when a full head of hair piled up or brushed forward was in style.
unusual haircut found here
In 1817, he climbed St. Peter’s in Rome and left his gloves on top of the lightning conductor. Pope Pius VII asked him to remove the gloves, which he did.
Waterton sometimes enjoyed biting the legs of his guests from under the dinner table, imitating a dog.
He tried to fly by jumping from the top of an outhouse on his estate, calling the exercise “Navigating the atmosphere”
Waterton died after fracturing his ribs and injuring his liver in a fall on his estate. His body is interred near the spot where the accident happened. His coffin was taken from the hall to his chosen resting place by barge, in a funeral cortege and followed at the lakeside by many local people. The grave was between two oak trees which have now disappeared. It is said that a flock of birds followed the barge, and a linnet sang as the coffin was being lowered.
linnet found here